Degree Date


Document Type

Dissertation - Public Access

Degree Name

Ed.D. Doctor of Education

Academic Discipline

Educational Leadership

First Advisor

Dr. Edie Sohigian

Second Advisor

Dr. Stefanie Shames

Third Advisor

Dr. Carla Sparks


School leaders throughout the United States use various methods to create professional learning opportunities that lead to effective teaching practices. The purpose of my study is to evaluate the impact of stand-alone professional development on teacher self-efficacy of teachers who have attended or incorporated professional development in their learning environments. The context of this evaluation is elementary, middle, and high schools in the United States. My study demonstrates outcomes of a disconnect between instructional leaders and teachers in the perception of job-embedded professional development and its effect on teacher self-efficacy. My study also demonstrated an outcome that there is a need for all educators to understand job-embedded professional development.