Degree Date


Document Type

Dissertation - Public Access

Degree Name

Ed.D. Doctor of Education

Academic Discipline

Educational Leadership

First Advisor

Dr. Geri Chesner

Second Advisor

Dr. Karen Tardrew

Third Advisor

Dr. James Fitzpatrick


The teachers at this elementary school worked hard, but did not appear to know how to work smart. They struggled with time management, priority and goal setting and the creation of class schedules that met the required subject allocations for core subjects. They had difficulty with effective integration of specialty classes, and meeting the diverse academic/behavior needs of their students. A school-wide revised scheduling system was developed and implemented in an effort to help teachers to work smarter and not harder. The implementation of a Parallel Block Scheduling System provided adequate instructional time for the core subjects, intervention, enrichment, special services, encore classes, and common planning time for teachers during the school day. As a result of this implementation, teachers were able to improve the quality use of school time, effectively meet students’ needs, improve overall academic achievement and reach school goals.