Degree Date


Document Type

Dissertation - Public Access

Degree Name

Ed.D. Doctor of Education

Academic Discipline

Curriculum and Social Inquiry

First Advisor

Sara Efrat Efron


The purpose of this research is to examine how schools can provide special language instruction to meet the increase in the numbers of English language learners (ELLs) and its effect on educators as well as students. This is a descriptive single case study that is focused on a public school, prekindergarten through fifth-grade located in a middle class suburb in a big metropolitan area in the Midwest. This study addresses the commonality problems that face a school system include academic performance, different cultural backgrounds, communication issues, professional development, and funding. To address these issues it is necessary to understand how the culture of a school affects a student’s performance in the school’s environment. The literature most relevant to this study includes; historical development of Bilingual Education Act, main contributors to drafting Bilingual Education laws, goals of the laws and policies in educational practices, instruction and interventions for ELLs, and vocabulary development and Language acquisition.