Degree Date


Document Type

Dissertation - NLU Access

Degree Name

Psy.D. Doctor of Clinical Psychology

Academic Discipline

Clinical Psychology

First Advisor

Kristen Carney-Newberry, PhD

Second Advisor

Donna Mahoney, PhD


The goal of the present study was to create a model for the inclusion of spirituality in the supervision setting with psychologists-in-training. To date, there has been minimal research published regarding spirituality and psychology, and even less within the context of supervision. This paper provides an overview of the history of the unsettled relationship between spirituality and psychology. The beneficial components of spirituality on well-being are discussed and the alarming negligence of spirituality in training programs is highlighted. This thorough review of literature provides support for the need to create guidelines to incorporate spirituality into training. For the purpose of this study, research was narrowed to creating a model for incorporating spirituality in the supervision setting. Existing literature was explored using a large database search engine. Literature that pertained to the inclusion of spirituality in supervision was reviewed and existing models that provided guidelines for the inclusion of spirituality in supervision were summarized to create a model for the inclusion of spirituality in supervision. Three main themes were found, including safety of the relationship, growth of trainee self-awareness, and knowledge of spiritual competencies. This study goes beyond previous research by providing a model that covers supervisory self-work, one-on-one supervision, and group supervision. Recommendations for the application of this model are discussed.