Prenatal Opioid Use and Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: A Review of the Neurophysiological, Neuropsychological, and Behavioral/Emotional/Social Impacts in the Pediatric Population
Dissertation - Public Access
Psy.D. Doctor of Clinical Psychology
Clinical Psychology - Florida School of Professional Psychology
Elizabeth Lane, PhD
Kathie Bates, PhD
The opioid epidemic over the past two decades has raised concerns regarding the developmental fetal impact of prenatal opioid use. Research in this area continues to grow, but largely has focused on treatment for neonates experiencing withdrawal symptoms postnatally. Long term clinical implications for this at-risk population have not been studied extensively leaving many gaps in research and highlighting the need for future empirical studies. This literature review will examine the neurophysiological, neuropsychological, and the behavioral/social/emotional impacts on infants, toddlers, and school aged children who were prenatally exposed to opioids with or without the diagnosis of neonatal abstinence syndrome. Providing a deeper understanding of the possible short- and long-term impacts of these children will better inform physicians, clinicians, teachers, and caregivers on the importance of implementing early interventions with children in this at-risk population.
Gore, Candice, "Prenatal Opioid Use and Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: A Review of the Neurophysiological, Neuropsychological, and Behavioral/Emotional/Social Impacts in the Pediatric Population" (2022). Dissertations. 711.
Child Psychology Commons, Cognitive Psychology Commons, Developmental Psychology Commons