Degree Date


Document Type

Dissertation - NLU Access

Degree Name

Ed.D. Doctor of Education

Academic Discipline

Curriculum, Advocacy, and Policy

First Advisor

Harrington Gibson

Second Advisor

Elizabeth Minor



The biliteracy model of instruction for all bilingual students calls for teachers to be familiar with ways to teach reading at all grade levels in Spanish and English. This model seeks to continually develop student literacy skills in both languages so that the language model becomes additive and not subtractive. This policy indicates that the holistic biliteracy framework for reading instruction is a paired literacy model, designed to support simultaneous bilingual children as they realize their potential as bilingual, biliterate, and bicultural learners (Escamilla et al., 2014).