Dissertation - Public Access
Psy.D. Doctor of Clinical Psychology
Clinical Psychology - Florida School of Professional Psychology
Dr. Patricia S. Dixon, Psy.D.
Dr. Gary Howell, Psy.D.
The use of spanking as a form of discipline for children is a controversial issue. Even so, it is a practice that the majority of American parents have used to correct behavioral concerns within their children (Straus, 2010). Further, Black parents have been noted to use spanking more frequently than other ethnic groups (Berlin et al., 2009). Most research focuses on the negative implications of spanking on children’s development and outcomes, but some research suggests that outcomes differ for children from different ethnic groups with Black children showing more favorable outcomes. Many variables, such as parental warmth exhibited in the parent-child relationship, parental endorsement of spanking, and cultural norms, have been researched to explain what moderates the outcomes. This review focuses on racial socialization as a moderating variable that helps explain the favorable outcomes among Black American youths to consider the use of spanking through the lens of an emic perspective that promotes cultural sensitivity and informs culturally appropriate and responsive therapeutic services.
Love, Veronica L., "Racial Socialization: Its Influence On Outcomes Among Black American Children Exposed To Physical Discipline" (2020). Dissertations. 470.