Author Instructions

i.e. accepts only original, not submitted to other journal manuscripts. Manuscripts undergo one round of blind reviews. The authors should refrain from using their names or any other identifiable information in the body of the text.


There is no limit to the number of pages of a submitted manuscript. The length varies depending on the type of submission (see “aims & scope” section). Authors should submit a separate 100- 200 word abstract.


APA (current edition) is suggested, but not required. i.e. prepares the manuscripts for publication according to its own style. Original photos are encouraged to enhance effective understanding, although i.e. discourages photos with recognizable faces of minors. Permission for publishing photos must be provided upon acceptance for publication.

Please submit articles without a title page, abstract, or page numbers.