The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of cooperative learning, which is defined as the process of working in small groups to achieve a goal, on students’ general academic achievement in “General Principles of Genetics” unit, their academic self-efficacy and conceptions of learning biology (COLB). In the study, in order to investigate the effects of cooperative learning and the teaching method that the biology curriculum in Turkey anticipates on the students’ academic achievement, their self-efficacy and COLB, pre-test/post-test control group quasi experimental design was used. The study was administered to 126 Turkish high school students from four different classes, i.e. two experimental and two control groups, for a period of ten weeks. General Principles of Genetics Achievement Test, Academic Self-Efficacy Scale and Conceptions of Learning Biology Scale were implemented as pre-test and post-test. Within the scope of the study, independent sample t-test and MANOVA were used. The findings of the study demonstrated that there was a significant difference between the experimental and the control groups in terms of the post test scores in the variables addressed in the study. The findings of the study were discussed by making comparisons to the literature and suggestions were also made.



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